Since cross-border e-commerce involves multiple customs and border transaction entities, the signing of domestic policies and international trade agreements will affect its development. Therefore, the policy level will be explained from the above two aspects.
In terms of domestic policies, in 2012, the state launched cross-border e-commerce service pilots in five cities, Shanghai, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Ningbo and Zhengzhou, hoping to solve the bottleneck problem of cross-border trade e-commerce development. The era of rapid development of cross-border e-commerce has opened. prelude.
In 2013, the General Office of the State Council forwarded the notice of the Ministry of Commerce and other departments on the implementation of relevant policies to support cross-border e-commerce retail exports, including establishing a new country email list customs supervision model suitable for e-commerce exports, conducting special statistics, and establishing a suitable inspection and supervision model. , support the normal collection and settlement of foreign exchange by enterprises, encourage banking institutions and payment institutions to provide payment services for cross-border e-commerce, and implement appropriate tax policies. The "Notice" gives a clear time point for the implementation of the policy, indicating the country's firm support for the cross-border e-commerce industry.
In May 2020, the government work report of the State Council clearly stated that the pilot free trade zone will be given greater autonomy in reform and opening up, the construction of the Hainan Free Trade Port will be accelerated, the pilot free trade zone and comprehensive bonded zone will be added in the central and western regions, and the expansion of the service industry will be increased. The opening of comprehensive pilot projects will inject a booster for the further development of cross-border e-commerce.
In terms of international trade agreements, since 2005, China has signed free trade agreements with Chile, Pakistan, New Zealand, Singapore, Peru, Costa Rica, Iceland, Switzerland, South Korea, Australia, Maldives, Georgia and other countries. On November 5, 2020, China signed the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (RCEP Agreement) with Japan, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand and ten ASEAN countries. Regions, lower tariffs and efficient logistics make cross-border e-commerce have broader development potential.